Trumbull County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Trumbull County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Trumbull County.
The Right to Counsel
The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.
Who can help me in Trumbull County?
For general information about your case the Trumbull County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.
Who is the prosecutor for Trumbull County?
Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Trumbull County criminal cases will either be a representative of Trumbull County or a representative from Ohio. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.
Trumbull County Required Court Appearances
In Trumbull County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.
Appealing a guilty verdict
A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.
Sentencing in Trumbull County
In Trumbull County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.
Where will Trumbull County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Trumbull County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Trumbull County.
Burden of Proof
The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.
What is Jury Deliberation?
After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.
Trumbull County Arraignments
An arraignment is a court hearing. In Trumbull County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Trumbull County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Trumbull County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.
A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Trumbull County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.
Jury by Trial Right
The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.
Trumbull County Criminal Court Locations
Trumbull County Court of Common Pleas – General Division
Address: 161 High St NW, Warren OH 44481
Phone: 330-675-2557 Fax: 330-675-2563
Trumbull County Court of Common Pleas – Probate
Address: 161 High St NW, Warren OH 44481
Phone: 330-675-2521 Fax: 330-675-3024
Trumbull County Family Court – Domestic Relations Division
Address: 220 Main Ave SW, Warren OH 44481
Phone: 330-675-2302 Fax: 330-675-7907
Trumbull County Family Court – Juvenile Division
Address: 220 Main Ave SW, PO Box 1209, Warren OH 44482
Phone: 330-675-2375 Fax: 330-675-2322
Trumbull County Court – Central District
Address: 180 N Mecca St, Cortland OH 44410
Phone: 330-675-2280 Fax: 330-675-2290
Trumbull County Court – Eastern District
Address: 7130 Brookwood Dr, Brookfield OH 44403
Phone: 330-675-7900 Fax: 330-675-7922
Girard Municipal Court
Address: 100 N Market St, Girard OH 44420
Newton Falls Municipal Court
Address: 19 N Canal St, Newton Falls, OH 44444
Phone: 330-872-0232 Fax: 330-872-3899
Niles Municipal Court
Address: 15 E State St, Niles OH 44446
Phone: 330-652-5863 Fax: 330-544-9025
Warren Municipal Court
Address: 141 South Street SE, Warren OH 44482
Hubbard Mayor’s Court
Address: 220 W Liberty St, PO Box 307, Hubbard OH 44425
Phone: 330-534-3090 Fax: 330-534-8441
McDonald Mayor’s Court
Address: 451 Ohio Ave, McDonald OH 44437
Phone: 330-530-5472 Fax: 330-530-4320