Lorain County Criminal Court

Lorain County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Lorain County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Lorain County.

Lorain County Criminal Court hearings

Criminal hearings in Lorain County will take place at the Lorain County Criminal Courts. Please see here for a list of the Lorain County Criminal Court Locations.

Sentencing in Lorain County

In Lorain County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.

Lorain County Criminal Court

Lorain County Criminal Court

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

Arraignments in Lorain County

During an arraignment in Lorain County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Lorain County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Lorain County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

Lorain County Required Court Appearances

In Lorain County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

Who can help me in Lorain County?

For general information about your case the Lorain County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Lorain County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

Plea Agreements

A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Lorain County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Who is the prosecutor for Lorain County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Lorain County criminal cases will either be a representative of Lorain County or a representative from Ohio. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Lorain County Criminal Court Locations

  • Lorain County Court of Common Pleas – Domestic Relations and Juvenile Divisions

    Address: 225 Court St, Elyria OH 44035
    Phone: 440-329-5277 (Domestic Relations) Fax: 440-329-5506

  • Lorain County Court of Common Pleas – General Division

    Address: 225 Court St, Elyria OH 44035
    Phone: 440-329-5536 (Civil) Fax: 440-328-2416

  • Lorain County County Courts – Probate Division

    Address: 225 Court St, Elyria OH 44035
    Phone: 440-329-5175 Fax: 440-328-2157

  • Avon Lake Municipal Court

    Address: 32855 Walker Rd, Avon Lake OH 44012
    Phone: 440-930-4103 Fax: 440-930-4128

  • Elyria Municipal Court

    Address: 601 Broad St, Elyria OH 44035
    Phone: 440-326-1800 Fax: 440-326-1878 (Civil) Fax: 440-326-1877 (Criminal/Traffic)

  • Lorain Municipal Court

    Address: 200 W Erie Ave, Lorain OH 44052
    Phone: 440-204-2140 Fax: 440-204-2146

  • Oberlin Municipal Court

    Address: 85 S Main St, Oberlin OH 44074
    Phone: 440-775-1751 Fax: 440-775-0619

  • Vermilion Municipal Court

    Address: 687 Decatur St, Vermilion OH 44089
    Phone: 440-204-2430 Fax: 440-204-2431

  • Avon Mayor’s Court

    Address: 36080 Chester Rd, Avon OH 44011
    Phone: 440-937-7802

  • Grafton Mayor’s Court

    Address: 960 Main St, Grafton OH 44044
    Phone: 440-926-2401

  • LaGrange Mayor’s Court

    Address: 355 S Center St, LaGrange OH 44050
    Phone: 440-355-5555 Fax: 440-355-5257

  • North Ridgeville Mayor’s Court

    Address: 7307 Avon Belden Rd, North Ridgeville OH 44039
    Phone: 440-353-0821 Fax: 440-353-1521

  • Sheffield Lake Mayor’s Court

    Address: 609 Harris Rd, Sheffield Lake OH
    Phone: 440-949-7141

  • Sheffield Village Mayor’s Court

    Address: Phone: 440-949-6324, x2223 Fax: 440-949-6341

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