Columbiana County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Columbiana County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Columbiana County.
Where will Columbiana County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Columbiana County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Columbiana County.
Jury by Trial Right
The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.
Appealing a guilty verdict
A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.
Where can I get help for my Columbiana County criminal case?
The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Columbiana County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.
At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.
Mandatory Appearances in Columbiana County Criminal Court
At a mandatory or required court appearance in Columbiana County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.
Right to an attorney
The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Columbiana County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.
What happens in Columbiana County at an arraignment?
In Columbiana County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.
A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Columbiana County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.
Burden of Proof Requirement
In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
Jury Deliberations in Columbiana County
In Columbiana County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.
Who is the prosecutor for Columbiana County?
Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Columbiana County criminal cases will either be a representative of Columbiana County or a representative from Ohio. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.
Columbiana County Criminal Court Locations
Columbiana County Court of Common Pleas
Address: 105 S Market St, PO Box 349, Lisbon OH 44432
Columbiana County Court of Common Pleas – Juvenile Court
Address: 260 Lincoln Way, Lisbon OH
Phone: 330-424-4071 Fax: 330-424-6670
Columbiana County Municipal Court
Address: 38832 Saltwell Rd, Lisbon OH 44432
East Liverpool Municipal Court
Address: 126 W Sixth St, East Liverpool OH 43920
Phone: 330-385- 5151 Fax: 330-385-1566
Columbiana Mayor’s Court
Address: 28 W Friend St, Columbiana OH 44408
Phone: 330-482-9292 Fax: 330-482-6203
Hanoverton Mayor’s Court
Address: 10180 First St, PO Box 231, Hanoverton OH 44423
Phone: 330-223-1081 Fax: 330-223-4401
Leetonia Mayor’s Court
Address: 300 E Main St, Leetonia OH 44431
Phone: 330-427-6721 Fax: 330-427-8088
New Waterford Mayor’s Court
Address: 760 Village Park Dr, New Waterford OH 44445
Salineville Mayor’s Court
Address: 34 Washington St, Salineville OH 43945
Wellsville Mayor’s Court
Address: Phone: 330-532-2524, x10