Clark County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Clark County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Clark County.
Jury Deliberations in Clark County
In Clark County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.
At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.
Jury by Trial Right
The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.
Prosecutor in Clark County
In Clark County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Clark County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Ohio. For the most part, the prosecutor in Clark County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.
A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Clark County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.
Right to an attorney
The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Clark County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.
Required Court Appearances in Clark County
Any required court appearances in Clark County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.
Who can help me in Clark County?
For general information about your case the Clark County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.
What is the Burden of Proof?
The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.
Arraignments in Clark County
During an arraignment in Clark County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Clark County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Clark County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.
Appealing a Criminal Conviciton
A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.
Clark County Criminal Court locations
Criminal proceedings take place in the Clark County Criminal Courts. A list of the criminal courts are located here.
Clark County Criminal Court Locations
Clark County Court of Common Pleas – General and Domestic Relations Divisions
Address: 101 N Limestone St, Springfield OH 45502
Phone: 937-521-1680 Fax: 937-328-2436
Clark County Court of Common Pleas – Juvenile Court
Address: 101 E Columbia St, Springfield OH 45502
Phone: 937-521-1600 Fax:937-521-3201
Clark County Court of Common Pleas – Probate Court
Address: 50 E Columbia St, Springfield OH 45502
Phone: 937-521-1845 Fax: 937-328-2589
Clark County Municipal Court
Address: 50 E Columbia St, Springfield OH 45502
Catawba Mayor’s Court
Address: 115 S Persimmon St, Catawba OH 43010
Donnelsville Mayor’s Court
Address: 15 S Hampton St, PO Box 36, Donnelsville OH 45319
Enon Mayor’s Court
Address: 363 E Main St, PO Box 232, Enon OH 45323
Phone: 937-864-7870 Fax: 937-864-5644
North Hampton Mayor’s Court
Address: 250 W Clark St, North Hampton OH 45319
South Charleston Mayor’s Court
Address: 35 S Chillicothe St, PO Box X, South Charleston OH 45368
Phone: 937-462-8822 Fax: 937-462-8787
Tremont City Mayor’s Court
Address: 26 E Main St, Tremont City OH 45372