Butler County Criminal Court

Butler County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Butler County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Butler County.

Where will Butler County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Butler County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Butler County.

Arraignments in Butler County

During an arraignment in Butler County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Butler County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Butler County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.

Butler County Criminal Court

Butler County Criminal Court

Jury Deliberations in Butler County

In Butler County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.

Prosecutor in Butler County

In Butler County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Butler County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Ohio. For the most part, the prosecutor in Butler County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

Where can I get help for my Butler County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Butler County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

Can I request a Plea Agreement?

In Butler County you may be able to enter into a plea agreement depending upon the severity of the charges. It is also dependant upon the prosecution willing to accept a plea agreement. You can ask your attorney to attempt to negotiate a plea agreement with the prosecution to avoid having a jury trial along with the potential for a more serious sentence. Approximately 9 out of 10 criminal cases usually end in a plea agreement.

Butler County Required Court Appearances

In Butler County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

Can I appeal a guilty verdict?

If found guilty, a defendant may decide to appeal his case to an appelate court. The appellate court will not retry the case, they will examine the proceedings in the lower court to make sure they were done in a legal manner. The appellate court can either uphold the original conviction, or determine that due to errors made in the original trial, that there must be a retrial, resentencing or a complete dismissal of the charges.

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.

Butler County Criminal Court Locations

  • Butler County Court of Common Pleas – General and Domestic Relations Divisions

    Address: 315 High St, Hamilton OH 45011
    Phone: 513-887-3278 Fax: 513-887-3966

  • Butler County Court of Common Pleas – Juvenile Court

    Address: 280 N Fair Ave, Hamilton OH 45011
    Phone: 513-887-3317 Fax: 513-887-3698

  • Butler County Court of Common Pleas – Probate Court

    Address: 101 High St, Hamilton Ohio 45011
    Phone: 513-887-3294

  • Butler County Area I Court

    Address: 118 High St, Oxford OH 45056
    Phone: 513-523-4748

  • Butler County Area II Court

    Address: 101 High St, Hamilton OH 45011
    Phone: 513-887-3459

  • Butler County Area III Court

    Address: 9577 Beckett Rd, West Chester OH 45069
    Phone: 513-867-5070

  • Fairfield Municipal Court

    Address: 675 Nilles Rd, Fairfield OH 45014
    Phone: 513-867-6002 Fax: 513-867-6001

  • Hamilton Municipal Court

    Address: 345 High St, Hamilton OH 45011
    Phone: 513-785-7300 Fax: 513-785-7315

  • Middletown Municipal Court

    Address: 1 Donham Plaza, Middletown OH 45042
    Phone: 513-425-7802

  • Monroe Mayor’s Court

    Address: 233 S Main St, Monroe OH 45050
    Phone: 513-539-6201 Fax: 513-360-2218

  • Seven Mile Mayor’s Court

    Address: 210 High St, Seven Mile OH 45062
    Phone: 513-726-5565

  • Trenton Mayor’s Court

    Address: 11 E State St, Trenton OH 45067
    Phone: 513-428-0101 Fax: 513-988-5777

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