Lucas County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Lucas County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Lucas County.
Arraignments in Lucas County
During an arraignment in Lucas County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Lucas County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Lucas County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.
Required Court Appearances in Lucas County
Any required court appearances in Lucas County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.
Burden of Proof
The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.
Appealing a Criminal Conviciton
A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.
Jury by Trial Right
The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.
Where will Lucas County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Lucas County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Lucas County.
The Right to Counsel
The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.
Jury Deliberations in Lucas County
In Lucas County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.
Sentencing in Lucas County
In Lucas County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.
Who is the prosecutor for Lucas County?
Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Lucas County criminal cases will either be a representative of Lucas County or a representative from Ohio. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.
Can I request a Plea Agreement?
In Lucas County you may be able to enter into a plea agreement depending upon the severity of the charges. It is also dependant upon the prosecution willing to accept a plea agreement. You can ask your attorney to attempt to negotiate a plea agreement with the prosecution to avoid having a jury trial along with the potential for a more serious sentence. Approximately 9 out of 10 criminal cases usually end in a plea agreement.
Where can I get help for my Lucas County criminal case?
The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Lucas County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.
Lucas County Criminal Court Locations
Lucas County Court of Common Pleas – Domestic Relations Division
Address: 429 N Michigan St, Toledo OH 43604
Phone: 419-213-6905 Fax: 419-213-6925
Lucas County Court of Common Pleas – General Division
Address: 700 Adams St, Toledo OH 43604
Phone: 419-213-4484 Fax: 419-213-4487 (Civil) Fax: 419-213-4291 (Criminal)
Lucas County Court of Common Pleas – Juvenile Division
Address: 1801 Spielbusch Ave, Toledo OH 43604
Phone: 419-213-6744 Fax: 419-213-6933
Lucas County County Courts – Probate Court
Address: 700 Adams St #200, Toledo OH 43604
Phone: 419-213-4775 Fax: 419-213-4764
Maumee Municipal Court
Address: 400 Conant St, Maumee OH 43537
Phone: 419-897-7136 Fax: 419-897-7129
Oregon Municipal Court
Address: 5330 Seaman Rd, Oregon OH 43616
Phone: 419-698-7010 Fax: 419-698-7013
Sylvania Municipal Court
Address: 6700 Monroe St, Sylvania OH 43560
Toledo Municipal Court
Address: 555 N Erie St, Toledo OH 43604
Berkey Mayor’s Court
Address: 5817 N Berkey-Southern, Berkey OH 43504