Orange County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Orange County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Orange County.
Who is the prosecutor for Orange County?
Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Orange County criminal cases will either be a representative of Orange County or a representative from New York. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.
The Right to Trial by Jury
The Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the right to a trial by a jury. This is applicable for when the crime can carry a sentence of 6 months in jail OR a $500 fine, these are known as “Serious Crimes”. The defendant can also waive their right to a speedy and public trial.
The Right to Counsel
The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.
Where will Orange County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Orange County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Orange County.
What is the Burden of Proof?
The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.
Mandatory Appearances in Orange County Criminal Court
At a mandatory or required court appearance in Orange County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.
What is a Plea Agreement?
A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.
Who can help me in Orange County?
For general information about your case the Orange County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.
Arraignments in Orange County
During an arraignment in Orange County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Orange County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Orange County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.
Sentencing in Orange County
In Orange County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.
Appealing a Criminal Conviciton
A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.
In a jury trial in Orange County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.
Orange County Criminal Court Locations
Orange County Surrogate’s Court
Address: 30 Park Place, Goshen NY 10924
Phone: 845-476-3655 Fax: 845-291-2196
Orange County Court
Address: 285 Main Street, Goshen NY 10924
Phone: 845-476-3500 Fax: 845-291-2595
Middletown City Court
Address: 2 James Street, Middletown NY 10940
Phone: 845-476-3630 Fax: 845-343-5737
Newburgh City Court
Address: 300 Broadway, Newburgh NY 12550
Phone: 845-483-8100 Fax: 845-565-0421 (Criminal)
Port Jervis City Court
Address: 20 Hammond Street, Port Jervis NY 12771
Phone: 845-476-3700 Fax: 845-476-3691
Blooming Grove Justice Court
Address: 6 Horton Road, PO Box 358, Blooming Grove NY 10914
Phone: 845-496-7631 Fax: 845-497-3686
Chester Town Justice Court
Address: 1786 Kings Highway, Chester NY 10918
Chester Village Justice Court
Address: 47 Main Street, Chester NY 10918
Phone: 845-469-8584 Fax: 845-469-7836
Cornwall Town Justice Court
Address: 183 Main Street, Cornwall NY 12518
Phone: 845-534-8717 Fax: 845-534-4389
Crawford Town Court
Address: Route 302, PO Box 109, Pine Bush NY 12566
Deerpark Town Court
Address: 420 Route 209, Huguenot NY 12746
Phone: 845-856-2210 Fax: 845-856-7502 or 845-856-5460
Florida Justice Court
Address: 33 South Main Street, PO Box 451, Florida NY 10921
Goshen Town Court
Address: 41 Webster Avenue, PO Box 667, Goshen NY 10924
Phone: 845-294-6477 Fax: 845-294-4456
Goshen Village Justice Court
Address: Village Hall, 276 Main Street, Goshen NY 10924
Greenville Town Court
Address: 1537 US Highway 6, Port Jervis NY 12771
Greenwood Lake Village Court
Address: PO Box 1705, Greenwood Lake NY 10925
Hamptonburgh Justice Court
Address: 18 Bull Road, Campbell Hall NY 10916
Phone: 845-427-2424 Ext. 3 Fax: 845-427-7723
Harriman Village Court
Address: 1 Church Street, PO Box 706, Harriman NY 10926
Highlands Town Court
Address: 254 Main Street, Highland Falls NY 10928
Maybrook Village Court
Address: 109 Main Street, Maybrook NY 12543
Minisink Justice Court
Address: PO Box 349, Westtown NY 10998
Phone: 845-726-3700 Fax: 845-726-4205
Monroe Town Justice Court
Address: 17 Lake Street, PO Box 449, Monroe NY 10950
Monroe Village Justice Court
Address: 7 Stage Road, Monroe NY 10950
Phone: 845-782-8721 Fax: 845-782-8701
Montgomery Town Court
Address: 110 Bracken Road, Montgomery NY 12549
Phone: 845-457-2620 Fax: 845-457-6075
Montgomery Village Court
Address: 133 Clinton Street, PO Box 116, Montgomery NY 12549
Mount Hope Town Court
Address: 11 Baker Street, PO Box 872, Otisville NY 10963
Phone: 845-386-5303 Fax: 845-386-3101
New Windsor Justice Court
Address: Town Hall, 555 Union Avenue, New Windsor NY 12550
Phone: 845-563-4681 Fax: 845-563-4682
Newburgh Town Court
Address: 311 Route 32, Newburgh NY 12550
Phone: 845-564-7161 Fax: 845 566-7171
Tuxedo Park Village Court
Address: 80 Lorillard Road, PO Box 31, Tuxedo Park NY 10987
Phone: 845-351-4745 Fax: 845-351-2668
Tuxedo Town Court
Address: 1 Temple Drive, Tuxedo NY 10987
Phone: 845-351-5655 Fax: 845-351-2018
Unionville Village Court
Address: 7 Main St, PO Box 148, Unionville NY 10988
Walden Justice Court
Address: 1 Municipal Square, Walden NY 12586
Phone: 845-778-1632 Fax: 845-778-2399
Wallkill Town Court
Address: 99 Tower Drive, Bldg B, Middletown NY 10941
Phone: 845-692-7822 Fax: 845-692-7816
Warwick Town Court
Address: 132 Kings Highway, PO Box 489, Warwick NY 10990
Warwick Village Court
Address: 77 Main Street, PO Box 369, Warwick NY 10990
Phone: 845 986-2031
Washingtonville Village Court
Address: 29 West Main Street, Washingtonville NY 10992
Phone: 845-496-9797 Fax: 845-496-1990
Wawayanda Town Court
Address: 80 Ridgebury Hill Road, Slate Hill NY 10973
Phone: 845-355-5700 Ext. 1 Fax: 845-355-5750
Woodbury Justice Court
Address: 511 Route 32, PO Box 509, Highland Mills NY 10930
Phone: 845-928-2311 Fax: 845-928-8697