Montgomery County Criminal Court

Montgomery County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Montgomery County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Montgomery County.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

Required Court Appearances in Montgomery County

Any required court appearances in Montgomery County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Montgomery County Criminal Court

Montgomery County Criminal Court

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Right to an attorney

The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Montgomery County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

I need help for my Montgomery County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Montgomery County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Montgomery County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Can I request a Plea Agreement?

In Montgomery County you may be able to enter into a plea agreement depending upon the severity of the charges. It is also dependant upon the prosecution willing to accept a plea agreement. You can ask your attorney to attempt to negotiate a plea agreement with the prosecution to avoid having a jury trial along with the potential for a more serious sentence. Approximately 9 out of 10 criminal cases usually end in a plea agreement.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

Where will Montgomery County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Montgomery County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Montgomery County.

Montgomery County Prosecutor

For criminal cases in Montgomery County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Montgomery County. The Montgomery County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.

What happens in Montgomery County at an arraignment?

In Montgomery County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

Montgomery County Criminal Court Locations

  • Montgomery County Surrogate’s Court

    Address: 58 Broadway, PO Box 1500, Fonda NY 12068
    Phone: 518-853-8108 Fax: 518-853-8230

  • Montgomery County Court

    Address: 58 Broadway, PO Box 1500, Fonda NY 12068
    Phone: 518-853-4516 Fax: 518-853-3596

  • Amsterdam City Court

    Address: 1 Guy Park Avenue Extension, Amsterdam NY 12010
    Phone: 518-842-9510 Fax: 518-843-8474

  • Amsterdam Justice Court

    Address: 283 Manny’s Corners Road, Amsterdam NY 12010
    Phone: 518-842-7411 Fax: 518-843-6934

  • Canajoharie Town Court

    Address: 12 Mitchell Street, Canajoharie NY 13317
    Phone: 518-673-3013

  • Canajoharie Village Court

    Address: 75 Erie Blvd, Canajoharie NY 13317
    Phone: 518-673-5116 Fax: 518-673-8051

  • Charleston Justice Court

    Address: 480 Corbin Hill Road, Sprakers NY 12166
    Phone: 518-922-6279

  • Florida Town Court

    Address: 214 Fort Hunter Road, Amsterdam NY 12010
    Phone: 518-843-6468

  • Fultonville Village Court

    Address: 12 Erie Street, PO Box 337, Fultonville, NY 12072
    Phone: 518-853-3166

  • Glen Town Court

    Address: 7 Erie Street, Fultonville NY 12072
    Phone: 518-853-4825 Fax: 518-853-4343

  • Minden Town Court

    Address: 136 State Highway 80, Fort Plain NY 13339
    Phone: 518-993-3616 Fax: 518-993-3258

  • Mohawk Town Court

    Address: 2 Park Street, PO Box 415, Fonda NY 12068
    Phone: 518-853-8865 Fax: 518-853-4730

  • Palatine Town Court

    Address: 141 West Grand Street, PO Box 40, Palatine Bridge NY 13428
    Phone: 518-673-1003

  • Root Town Court

    Address: 1048 Carlisle Road, Sprakers NY 12166
    Phone: 518-673-3549 Fax: 518-673-5348

  • St. Johnsville Town Court

    Address: PO Box 28, St. Johnsville NY 13452
    Phone: 518-568-2662

  • St. Johnsville Village Court

    Address: 16 Washington Street, St. Johnsville NY 13452
    Phone: 518-568-5298

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