Chautauqua County Criminal Court

Chautauqua County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Chautauqua County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Chautauqua County.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Plea Agreements

A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Chautauqua County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.

Chautauqua County Criminal Court

Chautauqua County Criminal Court

What happens in Chautauqua County at an arraignment?

In Chautauqua County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

I need help for my Chautauqua County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Chautauqua County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Chautauqua County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Chautauqua County Criminal Court hearings

Criminal hearings in Chautauqua County will take place at the Chautauqua County Criminal Courts. Please see here for a list of the Chautauqua County Criminal Court Locations.

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Jury Deliberations in Chautauqua County

In Chautauqua County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.

Who is the prosecutor for Chautauqua County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Chautauqua County criminal cases will either be a representative of Chautauqua County or a representative from New York. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Chautauqua County Required Court Appearances

In Chautauqua County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

Chautauqua County Criminal Court Locations

  • Chautauqua County Surrogate’s Court

    Address: 3 North Erie Street, PO Box C, Mayville NY 14757
    Phone: 716-753-4339 Fax: 716-753-4600

  • Chautauqua County Court

    Address: 3 North Erie Street, PO Box 292, Mayville NY 14757
    Phone: 716-753-4266 Fax: 716-753-4993

  • Dunkirk City Court

    Address: City Hall, 342 Central Avenue, Dunkirk NY 14048
    Phone: 716-366-2055 Fax: 716-366-3622

  • Jamestown City Court

    Address: Municipal Building, 200 East 3rd Street, Jamestown NY 14701
    Phone: 716-483-7561 Fax: 716-483-7519

  • Arkwright Town Court

    Address: 9543 Center Road, Fredonia NY 14063
    Phone: 716-672-8672 Fax: 716-965-4845

  • Brocton Village Court

    Address: Mailing: 34 West Main Street, PO Box B, Brocton NY 14716
    Phone: 716-792-4160

  • Busti Town Court

    Address: 121 Chautauqua Avenue, Lakewood NY 14750
    Phone: 716-763-4695

  • Carroll Town Court

    Address: 5 West Main, PO Box 630, Frewsburg NY 14738
    Phone: 716-569-3484 Fax: 716-569-6331

  • Charlotte Town Court

    Address: 8 Lester Street, PO Box 895, Sinclairville NY 14782
    Phone: 716-962-9455 Fax: 716-962-3843

  • Chautauqua Town Court

    Address: 2 Academy Street, Suite A, Mayville NY 14757
    Phone: 716-753-5245

  • Cherry Creek Town Court

    Address: 6845 Main Street, Route 83, PO Box 98, Cherry Creek NY 14723
    Phone: 716-296-8050

  • Clymer Town Court

    Address: West Main Street, Clymer NY 14724
    Phone: 716-355-6331

  • Dunkirk Town Court

    Address: 4737 Willow Road, Dunkirk NY 14048
    Phone: 716-366-3945 Fax: 716-366-3544

  • Ellery Town Court

    Address: 25 Sunnyside Avenue, PO Box 429, Bemus Point NY 14712
    Phone: 716-386-2521 Fax: 716-386-2001

  • Ellicott Town Court

    Address: 215 South Work Street, Falconer NY 14733
    Phone: 716-665-5319

  • Ellington Town Court

    Address: 805 West Main Street, Ellington NY 14732
    Phone: 716-287-2026

  • Fredonia Village Court

    Address: 9-11 Church Street, 3rd Floor, PO Box 31, Fredonia NY 14063
    Phone: 716-679-2312 Fax: 716-679-3175

  • French Creek Town Court

    Address: 9819 Route 474, Clymer NY 14724
    Phone: 716-355-6204 Fax: 716-355-4222

  • Gerry Town Court

    Address: 4519 Route 60, PO Box 163, Gerry NY 14740
    Phone: 716-985-4323

  • Hanover Town Court

    Address: 68 Hanover Street, Silver Creek NY 14136
    Phone: 716-934-4770 Fax: 716-934-2850

  • Harmony Town Court

    Address: 1001 Blockville – Watts Flats Road, Ashville NY 14710
    Phone: 716-782-4460 (Court Clerk) or 716-488-1178 (Justice)

  • Kiantone Town Court

    Address: 1521 Peck Settlement Road, Jamestown NY 14701
    Phone: 716-488-0031

  • Mina Town Court

    Address: 2883 North Road, PO Box 417, Findley Lake NY 14736
    Phone: 716-769-7250

  • North Harmony Justice Court

    Address: 3445 Old Bridge Road, PO Box 167, Stow NY 14785
    Phone: 716-789-3445 ext 1

  • Poland Town Court

    Address: 3593 Church Street, PO Box 4, Kennedy NY 14747
    Phone: 716-267-3809

  • Pomfret Town Court

    Address: 9-11 Church Street, Fredonia NY 14063
    Phone: 716-672-6878 Fax: 716-672-2033

  • Portland Town Court

    Address: 87 West Main Street, Brocton NY 14716
    Phone: 716-792-4111 Fax: 716-792-9620

  • Ripley Town Court

    Address: 1 Park Ave, PO Box 573, Ripley NY 14775
    Phone: 716-736-7575 Fax: 716-736-7570

  • Sheridan Town Court

    Address: 2702 Route 20, PO Box 73, Sheridan NY 14135
    Phone: 716-672-4174 (Town Hall) or 716-672-2600 (Justices)

  • Sherman Town Court

    Address: 111A Mill Street, PO Box 542, Sherman NY 14781
    Phone: 716-761-6770 Fax: 718-761-6769

  • Silver Creek Village Court

    Address: 172 Central Avenue, Silver Creek NY 14136
    Phone: 716-934-3558

  • Stockton Town Court

    Address: 7344 Route 380, PO Box 43, Stockton NY 14784
    Phone: 716-595-3192 ext 3

  • Villenova Town Court

    Address: 1094 Butcher Road, South Dayton NY 14138
    Phone: 716-988-3476 or 716-988-5052

  • Westfield Town Justice Court

    Address: 23 Elm Street, Westfield NY 14787
    Phone: 716-326-6255 Fax: 716-326-6281

  • Westfield Village Justice Court

    Address: 23 Elm Street, Westfield NY 14787
    Phone: 716-326-6135 Fax: 716-793-4538

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