Wilcox County Criminal Court

Wilcox County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Wilcox County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Wilcox County.

Required Court Appearances in Wilcox County

Any required court appearances in Wilcox County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Who is the prosecutor for Wilcox County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Wilcox County criminal cases will either be a representative of Wilcox County or a representative from Georgia. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Wilcox County Criminal Court

Wilcox County Criminal Court

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Wilcox County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

What happens in Wilcox County at an arraignment?

In Wilcox County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

I need help for my Wilcox County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Wilcox County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Wilcox County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Where will Wilcox County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Wilcox County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Wilcox County.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

Sentencing in Wilcox County

In Wilcox County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

Wilcox County Criminal Court Locations

  • Wilcox County Superior Court

    Address: 103 North Broad Street, Abbeville GA 31001
    Phone: 229-467-2442 Fax: 229-467-2886

  • Wilcox County Magistrate Court

    Address: 103 North Broad Street, Abbeville GA 31001
    Phone: 229-467-2442 Fax: 229-467-2886

  • Wilcox County Juvenile Court

    Address: 103 North Broad Street, Abbeville GA 31001
    Phone: 229-467-2442 Fax: 229-467-2886

  • Municipal Court of Abbeville

    Address: 215 South Depot Street, Abbeville GA 31001
    Phone: 229-467-3201

  • Municipal Court of Rochelle

    Address: 410 Stephens Street, PO Box 156, Rochelle GA 31079
    Phone: 229-365-2246

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