Toombs County Criminal Court

Toombs County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Toombs County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Toombs County.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Toombs County Criminal Court

Toombs County Criminal Court

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

Prosecutor in Toombs County

In Toombs County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Toombs County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Georgia. For the most part, the prosecutor in Toombs County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

Where can I get help for my Toombs County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Toombs County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

Where will Toombs County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Toombs County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Toombs County.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Mandatory Appearances in Toombs County Criminal Court

At a mandatory or required court appearance in Toombs County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.

What happens in Toombs County at an arraignment?

In Toombs County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Jury Deliberations in Toombs County

In Toombs County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.

Toombs County Criminal Court Locations

  • Toombs County Superior Court

    Address: 100 Courthouse Square, PO Box 530, Lyons GA 30436
    Phone: 912-526-3501 Fax: 912-526-8985

  • State Court of Toombs County

    Address: 100 Courthouse Square, PO Box 530, Lyons GA 30436
    Phone: 912-526-3501 Fax: 912-526-8985

  • Toombs County Magistrate Court

    Address: PO Box 1460, Lyons GA 30436
    Phone: 912-526-4602 Fax: 912-526-8985

  • Toombs County Juvenile Court

    Address: 100 Courthouse Square, PO Box 530, Lyons GA 30436
    Phone: 912-526-3501 Fax: 912-526-8985

  • Municipal Court of Lyons

    Address: 257 North State Street, Lyons GA 30436
    Phone: 912-526-3638

  • Municipal Court of Vidalia

    Address: 101 Durden Street, Vidalia GA 30474
    Phone: 912-537-4123

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