Carroll County Criminal Court

Carroll County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Carroll County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Carroll County.

Arraignments in Carroll County

During an arraignment in Carroll County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Carroll County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Carroll County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

Carroll County Criminal Court

Carroll County Criminal Court

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Carroll County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

Carroll County Prosecutor

For criminal cases in Carroll County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Carroll County. The Carroll County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.

Where will Carroll County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Carroll County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Carroll County.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

I need help for my Carroll County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Carroll County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Carroll County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Carroll County Required Court Appearances

In Carroll County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

Carroll County Criminal Court Locations

  • Carroll County Superior Court

    Address: 323 Newnan Street, PO Box 1620, Carrollton GA 30112
    Phone: 770-830-5830 Fax: 770-214-3584

  • State Court of Carroll County

    Address: 323 Newnan Street, PO Box 1620, Carrollton GA 30112
    Phone: 770-830-5830 Fax: 770-214-3584

  • Carroll County Magistrate Court

    Address: 166 Independence Drive, PO Box 338, Carrollton GA 30112
    Phone: 770-830-5874 Fax: 770-830-5851

  • Carroll County Juvenile Court

    Address: 166 Independence Drive, PO Box 338, Carrollton GA 30112
    Phone: 770-830-5986 Fax: 770-830-5947

  • Municipal Court of Bowdon

    Address: 136 City Hall Avenue, Bowdon GA 30108
    Phone: 770-258-3301

  • Municipal Court of Carrollton

    Address: 115 West Center Street, Carrollton GA 30117
    Phone: 770-834-4451 Fax: 770-836-4235

  • Municipal Court of Mount Zion

    Address: PO Box 597, Mount Zion GA 30150
    Phone: 770-832-1622

  • Municipal Court of Temple

    Address: 337 Sage Street, PO Box 160, Temple GA 30179
    Phone: 770-562-3151 Fax: 770-562-9995

  • Municipal Court of Villa Rica

    Address: 101 Main Street, Villa Rica GA 30180
    Phone: 678-840-1318 Fax: 770-459-7008

  • Municipal Court of Whitesburg

    Address: 788 Main Street, Whitesburg GA 30185
    Phone: 770-832-1184

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