Charlton County Criminal Court

Charlton County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Charlton County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Charlton County.

What happens in Charlton County at an arraignment?

In Charlton County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

Sentencing in Charlton County

In Charlton County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.

Charlton County Criminal Court

Charlton County Criminal Court

Charlton County Prosecutor

For criminal cases in Charlton County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Charlton County. The Charlton County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.

Plea Agreements

A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Charlton County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Where will Charlton County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Charlton County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Charlton County.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

Can I appeal a guilty verdict?

If found guilty, a defendant may decide to appeal his case to an appelate court. The appellate court will not retry the case, they will examine the proceedings in the lower court to make sure they were done in a legal manner. The appellate court can either uphold the original conviction, or determine that due to errors made in the original trial, that there must be a retrial, resentencing or a complete dismissal of the charges.

Right to an attorney

The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Charlton County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.

I need help for my Charlton County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Charlton County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Charlton County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Mandatory Appearances in Charlton County Criminal Court

At a mandatory or required court appearance in Charlton County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.

Charlton County Criminal Court Locations

  • Charlton County Superior Court

    Address: 1520 3rd Street, Suite A, PO Box 760, Folkston GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-2354 Fax: 912-496-3882

  • State Court of Charlton County

    Address: 1520 3rd Street, Suite A, PO Box 760, Folkston GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-2354 Fax: 912-496-3882

  • Charlton County Magistrate Court

    Address: 1520 3rd Street, Suite B, Folkston GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-2617 Fax: 912-496-2560

  • Charlton County Juvenile Court

    Address: 1520 3rd Street, Suite A, PO Box 760, Folkston GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-2354 Fax: 912-496-3882

  • Municipal Court of Folkston

    Address: 541 1st Street, Folkston GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-2563

  • Municipal Court of Homeland

    Address: 607 Pennsylvania Avenue, Homeland GA 31537
    Phone: 912-496-7332 Fax: 912-496-3747

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