Gwinnett County Criminal Court

Gwinnett County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Gwinnett County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Gwinnett County.

Where can I get help for my Gwinnett County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Gwinnett County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Gwinnett County Criminal Court

Gwinnett County Criminal Court

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

Gwinnett County Criminal Court hearings

Criminal hearings in Gwinnett County will take place at the Gwinnett County Criminal Courts. Please see here for a list of the Gwinnett County Criminal Court Locations.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Prosecutor in Gwinnett County

In Gwinnett County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Gwinnett County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Georgia. For the most part, the prosecutor in Gwinnett County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

Required Court Appearances in Gwinnett County

Any required court appearances in Gwinnett County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Jury Deliberations in Gwinnett County

In Gwinnett County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.

Gwinnett County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Gwinnett County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Gwinnett County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Gwinnett County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Gwinnett County Criminal Court Locations

  • Gwinnett County Superior Court

    Address: 75 Langley Drive, PO Box 880, Lawrenceville GA 30046
    Phone: 770-822-8100

  • State Court of Gwinnett County

    Address: 75 Langley Drive, PO Box 880, Lawrenceville GA 30046
    Phone: 770-822-8100

  • Gwinnett County Magistrate Court

    Address: 75 Langley Drive, Lawrenceville GA 30045
    Phone: 770-822-8100

  • Gwinnett County Juvenile Court

    Address: 115 Stone Mountain Street, Lawrenceville GA 30046
    Phone: 770-619-6325 Fax: 770-619-6092

  • Gwinnett County Recorder’s Court

    Address: 115 Stone Mountain Street, Lawrenceville GA 30045
    Phone: 770-822-8815

  • Municipal Court of Berkeley Lake

    Address: 4040 South Berkeley Lake Road, Berkeley Lake GA 30096
    Phone: 770-368-9484 Ext. 104

  • Municipal Court of Buford

    Address: 2300 Buford Highway, Buford GA 30518
    Phone: 770-945-6761

  • Municipal Court of Dacula

    Address: PO Box 400, Dacula GA 30019
    Phone: 770-963-7451 Fax: 770-513-2187

  • Municipal Court of Duluth

    Address: 3276 Buford Highway, Duluth GA 30096
    Phone: 770-623-2771

  • Municipal Court of Lawrenceville

    Address: 70 South Clayton Street, PO Box 2200, Lawrenceville GA 30046
    Phone: 770-963-3288 Fax: 770-339-2407

  • Municipal Court of Lilburn

    Address: 76 Main Street, Lilburn GA 30047
    Phone: 770-921-2505

  • Municipal Court of Norcross

    Address: 65 Lawrenceville Street, Norcross GA 30071
    Phone: 770-448-2173 Fax: 770-255-3374

  • Municipal Court of Snellville

    Address: 2342 Oak Road, Snellville GA 30078
    Phone: 770-985-3550 Fax: 770-985-3541

  • Municipal Court of Sugar Hill

    Address: 5039 West Broad Street, Sugar Hill GA 30518
    Phone: 770-945-6734 Ext. 1209

  • Municipal Court of Suwanee

    Address: 323 Buford Highway, Suwanee GA 30024
    Phone: 770-945-6962 Fax: 678-714-0992

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