Telfair County Criminal Court

Telfair County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Telfair County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Telfair County.

Telfair County Criminal Court locations

Criminal proceedings take place in the Telfair County Criminal Courts. A list of the criminal courts are located here.

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Telfair County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

Telfair County Criminal Court

Telfair County Criminal Court

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

Where can I get help for my Telfair County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Telfair County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Required Court Appearances in Telfair County

Any required court appearances in Telfair County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

Plea Agreements

A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Telfair County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.

Who is the prosecutor for Telfair County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Telfair County criminal cases will either be a representative of Telfair County or a representative from Georgia. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

What is the Burden of Proof?

The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.

What happens in Telfair County at an arraignment?

In Telfair County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

Telfair County Criminal Court Locations

  • Telfair County Superior Court

    Address: 19 East Oak Street, Suite C, McRae GA 31055
    Phone: 229-868-6525 Fax: 229-868-7956

  • Telfair County Magistrate Court

    Address: 19 East Oak Street, Suite D, McRae GA 31055
    Phone: 229-868-6772 Fax: 229-868-6902

  • Telfair County Juvenile Court

    Address: 19 East Oak Street, Suite C, McRae GA 31055
    Phone: 229-868-6525 Fax: 229-868-7956

  • Municipal Court of Helena

    Address: PO Box 369, Helena GA 31037
    Phone: 229-868-6711

  • Municipal Court of Lumber City

    Address: PO Box 489, Lumber City GA 31549
    Phone: 912-363-4942

  • Municipal Court of McRae

    Address: PO Box 157, McRae GA 31055
    Phone: 229-868-6051

  • Municipal Court of Milan

    Address: PO Box 87, Milan GA 31060
    Phone: 229-362-4290

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