Wilson County Criminal Court

Wilson County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Wilson County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Wilson County.

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Wilson County Criminal Court

Wilson County Criminal Court

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Where will Wilson County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Wilson County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Wilson County.

Who is the prosecutor for Wilson County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Wilson County criminal cases will either be a representative of Wilson County or a representative from Texas. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

What happens in Wilson County at an arraignment?

In Wilson County the defendant is brought into court and informed by the judge of the charges that have been filed against them along with informing them of their rights. At this time, the defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or no contest. If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, there will be no trial and the defendant may be sentenced immediately or at a later date. If the defendant pleads not guilty a trial date is set.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

I need help for my Wilson County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Wilson County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Wilson County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Wilson County Required Court Appearances

In Wilson County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Wilson County Criminal Court Locations

  • Wilson County 81st District Court

    Address: 1103 4th St, #12, PO Box 812, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-7322 Fax: 830-393-7319

  • Wilson County 218th District Court

    Address: 1103 4th St, #12, PO Box 812, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-7322 Fax: 830-393-7319

  • Wilson County Constitutional Court

    Address: 1420 3rd St, #105, PO Box 27, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-7308 Fax: 830-393-7334

  • Wilson County Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

    Address: 800 10th Street, Box 8, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-5112 Fax: 830-393-5213

  • Wilson County Justice of the Peace Precinct 2

    Address: 121 Dilworth Plaza, PO Box 626, Poth TX 78147
    Phone: 830-484-2356 Fax: 830-484-2890

  • Wilson County Justice of the Peace Precinct 3

    Address: 402 Bluebonnet (FM 775), PO Box 503, La Verrnia TX 78121
    Phone: 830-779-2285 Fax: 830-779-4425

  • Wilson County Justice of the Peace Precinct 4

    Address: 800 10th St, Box 6, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-4052 Fax: 830-393-5149

  • Floresville Municipal Court

    Address: 1104 D St, Floresville TX 78114
    Phone: 830-393-4232 Fax: 830-393-6616

  • La Vernia Municipal Court

    Address: Phone: 830-779-4541, x2 Fax: 830-253-1198

  • Poth Municipal Court

    Address: 200 N Carroll St, PO Box 579, Poth TX 78147
    Phone: 830-484-2521 Fax: 830-484-2374

  • Stockdale Municipal Court

    Address: PO Box 446, Stockdale TX 78160
    Phone: 830-996-3128

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