Bastrop County Criminal Court

Bastrop County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Bastrop County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Bastrop County.

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.

Prosecutor in Bastrop County

In Bastrop County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Bastrop County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Texas. For the most part, the prosecutor in Bastrop County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

Bastrop County Criminal Court

Bastrop County Criminal Court

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

I need help for my Bastrop County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Bastrop County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Bastrop County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Bastrop County Required Court Appearances

In Bastrop County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Bastrop County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Bastrop County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Bastrop County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Bastrop County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Where will Bastrop County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Bastrop County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Bastrop County.

Bastrop County Criminal Court Locations

  • Bastrop County 21st District Court

    Address: 804 Pecan St, PO Box 770, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-7244 Fax: 512-332-7249

  • Bastrop County 335th District Court

    Address: 804 Pecan St, PO Box 770, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-7244 Fax: 512-332-7249

  • Bastrop County 423rd District Court

    Address: 804 Pecan St, PO Box 770, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-7244 Fax: 512-332-7249

  • Bastrop County Constitutional Court

    Address: 803 Pine St, Room 112, PO Box 577, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-7234 Fax: 512-332-7241

  • Bastrop County Court at Law

    Address: 803 Pine St, Room 112, PO Box 577, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-7234 Fax: 512-332-7241

  • Bastrop County Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

    Address: 803 Pine St, PO Box 336, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-581-4258 Fax: 512-581-4254

  • Bastrop County Justice of the Peace Precinct 2

    Address: 404 Fawcett St, PO Box 5, Smithville TX 78957
    Phone: 512-581-7112 Fax: 512-332-7227

  • Bastrop County Justice of the Peace Precinct 3

    Address: 5785 FM 535, Cedar Creek TX 78612
    Phone: 512-332-7288 Fax: 512-332-7250

  • Bastrop County Justice of the Peace Precinct 4

    Address: 704 Bull Run Rd, Elgin TX 78621
    Phone: 512-581-7162 Fax: 512-581-7163

  • Bastrop Municipal Court

    Address: 104 Grady Tuck Ln, PO Box 427, Bastrop TX 78602
    Phone: 512-332-8650 Fax 512-332-8659

  • Elgin Municipal Court

    Address: 310 N Main St, PO Box 591, Elgin TX 78621
    Phone: 512-281-0318

  • Smithville Municipal Court

    Address: Phone: 512-237-3282, x4 Fax: 512-237-4549

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