Gaines County Criminal Court

Gaines County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Gaines County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Gaines County.

Jury Deliberations in Gaines County

In Gaines County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Gaines County Criminal Court

Gaines County Criminal Court

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

Right to Jury Trial

For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.

Who can help me in Gaines County?

For general information about your case the Gaines County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.

Gaines County Prosecutor

For criminal cases in Gaines County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Gaines County. The Gaines County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Mandatory Appearances in Gaines County Criminal Court

At a mandatory or required court appearance in Gaines County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.

Gaines County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Gaines County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Gaines County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Gaines County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Where will Gaines County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Gaines County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Gaines County.

Gaines County Criminal Court Locations

  • Gaines County 106th District Court

    Address: 101 S Main St, PO Box 847, Seminole TX 79360
    Phone: 432-758-4014 Fax: 432-758-4036

  • Gaines County Constitutional Court

    Address: 101 S Main St, #206, Seminole TX 79360
    Phone: 432-758-4003 Fax: 432-758-1442

  • Gaines County Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

    Address: 101 S Main St, PO Box 847, Seminole TX 79360
    Phone: 432-758-4015 Fax: 432-758-4037

  • Gaines County Justice of the Peace Precinct 2

    Address: 311 Hill St, PO Box 755, Seagraves TX 79359
    Phone: 806-546-2666 Fax: 806-546-2612

  • Seagraves Municipal Court

    Address: PO Box 37, Seagraves TX 79359
    Phone: 806-387-2593

  • Seminole Municipal Court

    Address: 302 South Main Street, Seminole TX 79360
    Phone: 432-758-8800

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