Wabaunsee County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Wabaunsee County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Wabaunsee County.
Burden of Proof Requirement
In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
The Right to Trial by Jury
The Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the right to a trial by a jury. This is applicable for when the crime can carry a sentence of 6 months in jail OR a $500 fine, these are known as “Serious Crimes”. The defendant can also waive their right to a speedy and public trial.
Wabaunsee County Prosecutor
For criminal cases in Wabaunsee County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Wabaunsee County. The Wabaunsee County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.
Appealing a Criminal Conviciton
A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.
Where can I get help for my Wabaunsee County criminal case?
The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Wabaunsee County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.
The Right to Counsel
The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.
What is a Plea Agreement?
A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.
Mandatory Appearances in Wabaunsee County Criminal Court
At a mandatory or required court appearance in Wabaunsee County, the defendant must appear before the court. In the event of a “Failure to Appear” the judge may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. Note: not all criminal hearings are mandatory, in a non-mandatory hearing an attorney may appear on your behalf without you being in court.
Where will Wabaunsee County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Wabaunsee County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Wabaunsee County.
Arraignments in Wabaunsee County
During an arraignment in Wabaunsee County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Wabaunsee County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Wabaunsee County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.
Sentencing in Wabaunsee County
In Wabaunsee County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.
In a jury trial in Wabaunsee County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.
Wabaunsee County Criminal Court Locations
Wabaunsee County District Court
Address: 215 Kansas Avenue, PO Box 278, Alma, KS 66401
Phone: 785-765-2406 Fax: 785-765-2487
Alma Municipal Court
Address: 326 Missouri Street, PO Box 444, Alma, KS 66401
Phone: 785-765-3922 Fax: 785-765-2263
Alta Vista Municipal Court
Address: 521 Main Street, PO Box 44, Alta Vista, KS 66834
Phone: 785-499-6620 Fax: 785-499-5303
Eskridge Municipal Court
Address: 110 South Main Street, PO Box 156, Eskridge, KS 66423
Phone: 785-449-2621 Fax: 785-449-7289
Maple Hill Municipal Court
Address: 203 Main Street, PO Box 215, Maple Hill, KS 66507
Phone: 785-256-4272 Fax: 785-256-4272
Paxico Municipal Court
Address: 201 1/2 Newbury Avenue, PO Box 27, Paxico, KS 66526
Phone: 785-636-5532 Fax: 785-636-5530