Neosho County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Neosho County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Neosho County.
Jury Deliberations in Neosho County
In Neosho County, jury deliberations will take place in a jury trial after the prosecution and defense have presented their cases and rested. At this point, the judge will provide a list of instructions to the jury about what they are allowed and not allowed to do and what verdict options are available for them to decide. The jury will be sent to a private room to discuss the evidence presented in the case and attempt to reach a unaminous decision. When a unaminous decision is reached, the jury will inform the judge that they have reached a verdict and will return to the courtroom for the verdict to be read allowed. In the event that the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict, the jury results in a deadlock and a mistrial is declared.
Prosecutor in Neosho County
In Neosho County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Neosho County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Kansas. For the most part, the prosecutor in Neosho County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.
Where can I get help for my Neosho County criminal case?
The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Neosho County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.
Neosho County Arraignments
An arraignment is a court hearing. In Neosho County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Neosho County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Neosho County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.
What is the Burden of Proof?
The term “Burden of Proof” means that the prosecutor is required to prove the guilt of the defendant beyond a reasonable doubt. If the prosecutor cannot provide proof of the defendants guilt, then the judge or jury in a trial must find the defendant not guilty. In the United States the principle innocent until proven guilty derives from this that the defendant is assumed innocent and the prosecution has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty.
Where will Neosho County criminal case hearings take place?
Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Neosho County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Neosho County.
Right to an attorney
The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Neosho County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.
Neosho County Required Court Appearances
In Neosho County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.
Appealing a guilty verdict
A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.
At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.
A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Neosho County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.
Right to Jury Trial
For “Serious Crimes”, those that can have a potential penalty of 6 months in jail OR a minimum $500 penalty, the US Constitution guarantees a right to trial by jury. This is guaranteed by Article III of the Constitution and the 6th Amendment. The accused has the ability to waive their right to trial by jury.
Neosho County Criminal Court Locations
Neosho County District Court – Chanute Division
Address: 102 South Lincoln, PO Box 889, Chanute, KS 66720
Phone: 620-431-5700 Ext. 2 Fax: 620-431-5710
Neosho County District Court – Erie Division
Address: 100 South Main, PO Box 19, Erie, KS 66733
Phone: 620-244-3831 Fax: 620-244-3830
Chanute Municipal Court
Address: 102 South Lincoln, PO Box 907, Chanute, KS 66720
Phone: 620-431-5244 Fax: 620-431-5248
Erie Municipal Court
Address: 101 North Main, Erie, KS 66733
Phone: 620-244-3611 Fax: 620-244-3627
St. Paul Municipal Court
Address: 703 Central Street, PO Box 311, St. Paul, KS 66771
Phone: 620-449-2266 Fax: 620-449-2027
Thayer Municipal Court
Address: 103 Neosho Avenue, PO Box 157, Thayer, KS 66776
Phone: 620-839-5353 Fax: 620-839-5387