Baker County Criminal Court

Baker County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Baker County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Baker County.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Baker County Criminal Court

Baker County Criminal Court

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Baker County Prosecutor

For criminal cases in Baker County, the prosecutor will be a representative of Baker County. The Baker County prosecutor reviews all evidence and ultimately decides whether to file or dismiss charges in the case. Most of the time, the prosecutor has leeway in plea negotiations and determines how the case will be prosecuted.

I need help for my Baker County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Baker County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Baker County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Required Court Appearances in Baker County

Any required court appearances in Baker County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Baker County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Baker County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Baker County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Baker County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Where will Baker County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Baker County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Baker County.

Sentencing in Baker County

In Baker County if the defendant is found guilty (by trial or plea), the defendant will be sentenced. This sometimes occurrs immediately after being found guilty, but can also take place at a later date. In most instances, a judge will impose the sentence that is requested by the prosecution, but they also have the descretion to impose a different sentence.

Right to an attorney

The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Baker County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.

The Right to Trial by Jury

The Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the right to a trial by a jury. This is applicable for when the crime can carry a sentence of 6 months in jail OR a $500 fine, these are known as “Serious Crimes”. The defendant can also waive their right to a speedy and public trial.

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Baker County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

Baker County Criminal Court Locations

  • Baker County Circuit Court

    Address: 1995 3rd Street, Suite 220, Baker City, OR 97814
    Phone: 541-523-6305 Fax: 541-523-9738

  • Baker City Municipal Court

    Address: 1995 3rd Street, Baker City, OR 97814
    Phone: 541-523-8213

  • Halfway Municipal Court

    Address: 235 Gover Lane, PO Box 691, Halfway, OR 97834
    Phone: 541-742-7171

  • Huntington Municipal Court

    Address: 50 East Adams Street, PO Box 369, Huntington, OR 97907
    Phone: 541-869-2202

  • Richland Municipal Court

    Address: 235 Gover Lane, PO Box 691, Halfway, OR 97834
    Phone: 541-742-7171

  • Baker County Justice Court District – 1

    Address: 1995 3rd Street, Suite 170, Baker City, OR 97814
    Phone: 541-523-8213 Fax: 541-523-8360

  • Huntington Justice Court

    Address: 50 East Adams, PO Box 40, Huntington, OR 97907
    Phone: 541-869-2202

  • Pine Eagle Justice Court

    Address: 235 Gover Lane, PO Box 691, Halfway, OR 97834
    Phone: 541-742-7171

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