Roanoke County Criminal Court

Roanoke County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Roanoke County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Roanoke County.

Roanoke County Criminal Court hearings

Criminal hearings in Roanoke County will take place at the Roanoke County Criminal Courts. Please see here for a list of the Roanoke County Criminal Court Locations.

Required Court Appearances in Roanoke County

Any required court appearances in Roanoke County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Roanoke County Criminal Court

Roanoke County Criminal Court

Appealing a guilty verdict

A defendant may appeal a guilty verdict to an appellate court. This is not a request to have another trial, but a request for an appellate court to review the case and determine that it was handled in a correct legal manner. There are a number of outcomes in an appeal including an upholding of the conviction, a finding that errors were made resulting in a retrial or resentencing or possibly a complete disimissal of all charges.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Where can I get help for my Roanoke County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Roanoke County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

Roanoke County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Roanoke County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Roanoke County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Roanoke County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Prosecutor in Roanoke County

In Roanoke County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Roanoke County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Virginia. For the most part, the prosecutor in Roanoke County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.

Roanoke County Criminal Court Locations

  • Roanoke County Circuit Court – 23rd Judicial Circuit

    Address: 305 E Main St, PO Box 1126, Salem VA 24153
    Phone: 540-387-6205 Fax: 540-387-6145

  • Roanoke County General District Court – 23rd Judicial District

    Address: 305 E Main St, PO Box 997, Salem VA 24153
    Phone: 540-387-6168 Fax: 540-387-6066

  • Roanoke County Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court

    Address: 305 E Main St, Salem VA 24153
    Phone: 540-387-6160 Fax: 540-387-6231

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