Mobile County Criminal Court

Mobile County Criminal Court hears all criminal cases in Mobile County. Below you will find specific information about criminal cases and how they are handled in Mobile County.

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.

Defendant Sentencing

At a sentence hearing the judge will inform the defendant of the sentence that will be imposed. This sometimes occurs at the same hearing in which the defendant is found guilty (either by trial or plea agreement). In can also occur at a later date, most often this is due to the complexity of the case where more time is needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

Mobile County Criminal Court

Mobile County Criminal Court

Where will Mobile County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Mobile County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Mobile County.

Plea Agreements

A Plea Agreement, sometimes known as a Plea Bargain is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant, where the defendant pleads guilty or no contest often in exchange for a lesser charge or lighter recommended sentence. A large majority of criminal cases end in a plea agreement. In Mobile County you can inform your attorney to negotiate with the prosecution to attempt to come to a plea agreement, but this is dependent upon the charge severity and also the prosecutors willingness to accept a plea deal.

Where can I get help for my Mobile County criminal case?

The 6th amendment of the United States Constitution provides a criminal defendant with the right to an attorney. As read in the miranda rights, this means that if a defendant cannot afford to hire a private attorney a legal attorney will be appointed to the defendant to represent him at no cost to the defendant. This is often a public defender. In addition, the court clerk for Mobile County will also be able to provide general information about a specific criminal case. The clerk can only provide information and is not an attorney so they cannot provide legal advice, only a licensed attorney can provide legal advice about what the best options for are for your particular case.

Appealing a Criminal Conviciton

A defendant may appeal a criminal conviction to an appellate court. In an appeal, the actual trial is not redone, but the appellate court hears arguments that the criminal case was not handled in a legal manner at the original criminal court. The appellate court can either uphold the conviction, or determine that errors were made and may request a retrial, a resentencing of the defendant or that the charges be dismissed.

Jury Deliberation

In a jury trial in Mobile County, after both the prosecution and defense have rested, the judge will give instructions to the jury and jury deliberations will begin. The jury will convence in a private room to discuss and deliberate the innocence or guilt of the defendant. Once the jury arrives at a unimanous decision, they will inform the judge that they have reached a decision. They will return to the court and the verdict will be read aloud. If the jury cannot reach a unaminous decision, the jury is said to be deadlocked and a mistrial will be declared in the case.

Required Court Appearances in Mobile County

Any required court appearances in Mobile County Criminal Court must be attended by the defendant. Failure to appear in court at your required date and time may result in the judge issuing an arrest warrant.

Mobile County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Mobile County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Mobile County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Mobile County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Prosecutor in Mobile County

In Mobile County, the prosecutor is an attorney representing Mobile County. In some cases, the prosecutor may actually represent Alabama. For the most part, the prosecutor in Mobile County has discretion to both decide whether to file charges and also negotiate a potential plea deal with the defendant.

What if I can’t afford an attorney?

The 6th Amendment guarantees you the right to an attorney whether or not you can afford one. If you cannot afford one, a public defender will be appointed by the court to represent you.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

Mobile County Criminal Court Locations

  • Mobile County Circuit Court

    Address: 205 Government St, #913, Mobile AL 36644
    Phone: 251-574-8806 Fax: 251-574-8796

  • Mobile County Family Court

    Address: 2315 Costarides St, Mobile Alabama 36617
    Phone: 251-574-1450

  • Mobile County District Court

    Address: 205 Government St, #913, Mobile AL 36644
    Phone: 251-574-8806 Fax: 251-574-8796

  • Bayou La Batre Municipal Court

    Address: 13785 S Wintzell Ave, Bayou La Batre AL 36509
    Phone: 251-824-1825 Fax: 251-824-7434

  • Chickasaw Municipal Court

    Address: 224 N Craft Hwy, PO Box 11307, Chickasaw AL 36671
    Phone: 251-452-6450 Fax: 251-452-6468

  • Citronelle Municipal Court

    Address: 19135 S Main St, Citronelle AL 36522
    Phone: 251-866-0221

  • Creola Municipal Court

    Address: 190 Dead Lake Rd, PO Box 490, Creola AL 36525
    Phone: 251-675-8148 Fax: 251-679-8203

  • Dauphin Island Municipal Court

    Address: 1011 Bienville Blvd, Dauphin Island AL 36528
    Phone: 251-861-5525

  • Mobile Municipal Court

    Address: 205 Government St, PO Box 2446, Mobile AL 36652
    Phone: 251-208-7055

  • Mount Vernon Municipal Court

    Address: 1565 Boyles Ave, PO Box 309, Mount Vernon AL 36560
    Phone: 251-829-6633

  • Prichard Municipal Court

    Address: 216 E Prichard Ave, PO Box 10427, Prichard AL 36610
    Phone: 251-452-7927 Fax: 251-452-7924

  • Saraland Municipal Court

    Address: 937 Hwy 43 S, Saraland AL 36571
    Phone: 251-675-5393

  • Satsuma Municipal Court

    Address: 5464 Old Hwy 43, PO Box 517, Satsuma AL 36572
    Phone: 251-662-5306

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