Upshur County Criminal Court

Upshur County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Upshur County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Upshur County.

Where will Upshur County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Upshur County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Upshur County.

The Right to Trial by Jury

The Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the right to a trial by a jury. This is applicable for when the crime can carry a sentence of 6 months in jail OR a $500 fine, these are known as “Serious Crimes”. The defendant can also waive their right to a speedy and public trial.

Upshur County Criminal Court

Upshur County Criminal Court

Right to an attorney

The US Constitution’s Sixth Amendment ensures the right to an attorney regardless of whether or not you can afford one. In Upshur County a public defender will be appointed by the judge if you cannot afford private representation.

Burden of Proof Requirement

In a criminal case in the United States, the burden of proof always requires the prosecutor to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. This is a high threshold that must be met by the prosecution when presenting evidence in a case. If the prosecution fails in it’s burden to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt the judge must find the defendant not guilty. In a jury trial, the judge will inform the jury what this burden is and their obligation to find the defendant not guilty if they feel the prosecution did prove the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Who can help me in Upshur County?

For general information about your case the Upshur County court clerk will be able to provide legal information about your specific criminal case. Legal information is not legal advice though, the court clerk will only be able to provide information about your case, like date/time of hearings what will occur at the hearing and what you may be required to do in the hearing. They cannot provide advice about what you should do or what the best legal options may be for your particular case. Only an attorney can provide legal advice and this is your best place for information about your specific criminal proceeding. If you cannot afford to hire a private attorney to represent you, a judge will appoint an attorney to represent you, this is most often a public defender.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

Upshur County Arraignments

An arraignment is a court hearing. In Upshur County this is the first thing that will happen in a criminal case. The defendant will be brought before a judge in Upshur County Criminal Court and the judge will read the charges that were filed against the defendant. The judge will also read the rights the defendant has and ask the defendant if they understand both the charges filed against them and their rights as a defendant in the case. In Upshur County a plea of Guilty, Not Guilty or No Contest may be entered. In a guilty or no contest plea the sentencing of the defendant may take place at the same arraignment hearing or a later date may be scheduled for sentencing. For a not guilty plea, a date will be set for a trial.

Who is the prosecutor for Upshur County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Upshur County criminal cases will either be a representative of Upshur County or a representative from Texas. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Upshur County Required Court Appearances

In Upshur County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Can I appeal a guilty verdict?

If found guilty, a defendant may decide to appeal his case to an appelate court. The appellate court will not retry the case, they will examine the proceedings in the lower court to make sure they were done in a legal manner. The appellate court can either uphold the original conviction, or determine that due to errors made in the original trial, that there must be a retrial, resentencing or a complete dismissal of the charges.

Upshur County Criminal Court Locations

  • Upshur County 115th District Court

    Address: 405 N Titus St, PO Box 950, Gilmer TX 75644
    Phone: 903-843-5031 Fax: 903-843-3540

  • Upshur County Constitutional Court

    Address: 100 W Tyler St, PO Box 730, Gilmer TX 75644
    Phone: 903-843-4015 Fax: 903-843-4504

  • Upshur County Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

    Address: 301 E Butler St, Gilmer TX 75644
    Phone: 903-680-6269 Fax: 903-680-6769

  • Upshur County Justice of the Peace Precinct 2

    Address: 405 N Titus St, Gilmer TX 75644
    Phone: 903-843-5023 Fax: 903-843-4772

  • Upshur County Justice of the Peace Precinct 3

    Address: 2498 W Upshur, Gladewater TX 75647
    Phone: 903-680-8350 Fax: 903-844-0103

  • Upshur County Justice of the Peace Precinct 4

    Address: PO Box 730, Gilmer TX 75644
    Phone: 903-843-4039 Fax: 903-843-5347

  • Big Sandy Municipal Court

    Address: PO Box 986, Big Sandy TX 75755
    Phone: 903-636-5534

  • East Mountain Municipal Court

    Address: 103 Municipal Dr, Gilmer TX 75645
    Phone: 903-297-6041

  • Gilmer Municipal Court

    Address: 110 Buffalo St, Gilmer TX 75644-2202
    Phone: 903-843-2751

  • Ore City Municipal Court

    Address: PO Box 327, Ore City TX 75683
    Phone: 903-968-2511

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