Rockwall County Criminal Court

Rockwall County Criminal Court handles all criminal cases that are filed in Rockwall County. See below for more information about criminal cases in Rockwall County.

If guilty, who sentences the defendant?

If the defendant is found guilty after the trial, the defendent will be sentenced. In some cases, this can occur at the same hearing the defendant is found guilty in court, in other cases a separate hearing will be required. Often the prosecution will request a particular sentence for the defendant and the judge will determine whether to enforce this sentence or impose a different sentence for the defendant.

Arraignments in Rockwall County

During an arraignment in Rockwall County, a defendant appears before the court and the judge reads the charges that have been filed against the accused and also informs the defendant of his/her rights. During the arraignment in Rockwall County, the defendant can choose to plead one of the following 1) Guilty 2) Not Guilty or 3) No Contest. If the defendant enters a plea of Not Guilty, a date for trial is set. In the event of a Guilty or No Contest Plea in Rockwall County the defendant may be sentenced at that time or the sentencing may take place at a later date.

Rockwall County Criminal Court

Rockwall County Criminal Court

Burden of Proof

The burden of proof is always on the prosecution in a criminal trial. In other words, the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the crime. The defense must only prove that there is a reasonable possibility that the defendant did NOT commit the crime. If the prosecution cannot prove that the defendant committed the crime beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury will be instructed to find the defendant not-guilty.

The Right to Counsel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the U.s. Constitution give defendants in criminal cases the right to counsel/attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed to represent you. Like other rights a defendant has, this one can be waived as well and alternatively you can choose to represent yourself.

What is Jury Deliberation?

After both the prosecution and defense have presented their cases, the judge in the case will provide instructions to the jury about what they must decide. The jury will be dismissed to the jury room where they will deliberate about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. After reaching a unaminous decision, they return their decision to the court where it is read aloud in the courtroom. If the jury is unable to reach a unaminous decision, the jury is deadlocked, also known as a hung jury, in which a mistrial will be declared.

Who is the prosecutor for Rockwall County?

Depending upon the case, the prosecutor for Rockwall County criminal cases will either be a representative of Rockwall County or a representative from Texas. After reviewing evidence it is the prosecutor’s decision whether to file charges or drop a case. Most prosecutors have the ability to negotiate plea bargains, and determine how the case will be prosecuted.

Jury by Trial Right

The US Constitution (Article 3 along with the 6th Amendment) ensures an accused defendant the right to a jury trial. This applies to crimes that have a $500 fine or a potential sentence of six months in jail (aka Serious Crimes). This right to trial by jury can also be waived by a defendant.

What is a Plea Agreement?

A plea agreement is a deal made between the prosecution and the defendant in a case, where the defendant agrees to plea guilty to a particular charge in exchange for some concession from the prosecutor. In practice, more than 90% of criminal cases end with a plea agreement.

I need help for my Rockwall County criminal case

The best place to get information about your criminal case is from an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, the court will appoint one to represent you which will assist in your case. For general information about your case the Rockwall County court clerk is able to provide general information about your specific case (e.g. date/time hearings, mandatory appearance, what will take place and what you will be required to do). The court clerk for Rockwall County will NOT be able to provide legal advice for your case, only an attorney can provide legal advice. The court clerk can provide legal information (like the information found on this website) about your case but cannot provide advice about what you should do in your legal manner.

Rockwall County Required Court Appearances

In Rockwall County, there are both required and non-required court appearances for the defendant. At a required or mandatory appearance hearing, the defendant is required to appear in person before the court. Failing to appear at your required hearing may result in a bench warrant being issued for your arrest by the judge.

Where will Rockwall County criminal case hearings take place?

Criminal cases will take place at the criminal courts of Rockwall County. See here for the location of the criminal courts in Rockwall County.

Can I appeal a guilty verdict?

If found guilty, a defendant may decide to appeal his case to an appelate court. The appellate court will not retry the case, they will examine the proceedings in the lower court to make sure they were done in a legal manner. The appellate court can either uphold the original conviction, or determine that due to errors made in the original trial, that there must be a retrial, resentencing or a complete dismissal of the charges.

Rockwall County Criminal Court Locations

  • Rockwall County 382nd District Court

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #200, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6500 Fax: 972-204-6509

  • Rockwall County 439th District Court

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #200, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6500 Fax: 972-204-6509

  • Rockwall County Constitutional Court

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #100, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6300 Fax: 972-204-6309

  • Rockwall County Court at Law

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #100, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6300 Fax: 972-204-6309

  • Rockwall County Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #301, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6740 Fax: 972-204-6749

  • Rockwall County Justice of the Peace Precinct 2

    Address: 1111 E Yellowjacket Lane, #302, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-204-6730 Fax: 972-204-6739

  • Fate Municipal Court

    Address: Phone: 972-771-4601, x102 Fax: 972-772-3343

  • Heath Municipal Court

    Address: 200 Laurence Dr, Heath TX 75032
    Phone: 972-961-4877 Fax: 972-961-4932

  • McLendon-Chisholm Municipal Court

    Address: 1248 State Hwy 205, Rockwall TX 75032
    Phone: 972-524-2077

  • Rockwall Municipal Court

    Address: 205 W Rusk, Rockwall TX 75087
    Phone: 972-771-7788

  • Royse City Municipal Court

    Address: 100 W Main St, PO Box 638, Royse City TX 75189
    Phone: 972-524-4770 Fax: 972-635-7186

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.